Your 7 Year Old Child's Cognitive Development

Rear View Of Schoolboy Carrying Backpack While Standing On Road
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Seven-year-olds typically display an unending thirst for knowledge and will have an innate curiosity and excitement about things in the world. They are natural explorers, scientists, and analysts, and often ask questions about everything from why the sky is blue to where babies come from. Seven-year-old children also take great pride in sharing their knowledge about things and often enjoy showing younger children skills that they themselves have mastered.

For a seven-year-old, there will be a sense of confidence at school that comes from being familiar with the ins and outs of being a student in a classroom. Seven-year-olds will often feel a sense of pride about having achieved basic math and reading skills and may want to discuss what they learned in school with parents, friends, and caregivers.

Reading and Writing

Seven-year-olds will also continue their rapid language development. As their vocabulary and reading skills develop and grow and the number of sight words they know expands—to as much as thousands of words—they will enter a world of more complex chapter books. Seven-year-olds will be able to read with more fluency (speed, accuracy, and expressiveness) and will be able to have more in-depth discussions about books. They will also be able to write more complex, coherent, and interesting narratives and essays and stories.

At home, parents can encourage their seven-year-old child’s love of books by reading together and making it a point to discuss characters, plot, and other aspects of the book. While most seven-year-olds can read early-reader books and even chapter books, they may still want to snuggle next to mom or dad in the evenings and be read to, just like when they were younger.

Numbers and Math

Seven-year-olds have mastered simple addition and subtraction, and will now be able to apply these skills to solve more complicated math problems, such as word problems. They will learn place value and work with three-digit numbers and begin working on mentally adding and subtracting. They may also work on fractions and learn about shapes in structures in their environment, such as in buildings and houses.

Parents can incorporate a seven-year old's newfound math skills into everyday life and make it fun by playing around with math games in the kitchen, on road trips, and even in the grocery store. And since kids love playing on the computer, some online math games can be a terrific way to get kids to sharpen their math skills while having fun.​

Academic Challenges

While many children charge ahead with reading and math skills, others struggle. These struggles may have many causes, ranging from learning disabilities to problems with a focus to challenges with following spoken or written instructions. In many cases, academic challenges can be nipped in the bud with just a little extra instruction from a teacher, reading or math specialist, or parent. In other cases, children may need special support or accommodations in the classroom setting. No matter what stands between your child and academic success, it's important to address issues now rather than taking a "wait and see" point of view.

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