Geocaching and How Its Done

The inside scoop on the geocaching craze

Geocache jar under some pieces of wood

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If you and your young adults need more activities to do when you spend time together, consider geocaching. A worldwide game that involves everything from clues to camping, geocaching is a great way to spend some time outside, using your tech skills and tools like GPS, Google search, the Geocache app, and more to find treasures hidden in the most unlikely places.


Geocaching is the world's largest treasure hunt. It's like a grown-up version of the beloved childhood pastime, except it's no joke. Geocaching is the real deal. The high-tech treasure hunt combines GPS tracking with outdoor adventure, and it's fun for all ages.

There are more than three million geocaches hidden all around the world in parks, trails, and urban areas. In fact, there are probably some near you as you're reading this. But finding the GPS coordinates is only half the game. First, you have to find the box.

What Is a Geocache Box?

Geocache boxes come in all different shapes and sizes. It can be anything, but it's usually a small metal, wooden, or plastic box that can withstand the elements. It might be a camouflaged Altoids tin, a can of mixed nuts, or an ammo box, and it'll be hidden in a safe but non-intrusive place.

What's inside the cache isn't the point of the game.

The point not what's in the cache, it's everything else: the fun of the hunt, the thrill of discovery, and the sheer delight of finding new places with good friends.

That said, you'll still open the box with more than a little excitement, jot your name in the log, then take something and leave something. You'll want to come prepared with a pencil or pen, and a trinket or two to swap.

What's Inside the Box

Occasionally you'll find a themed geocache box. The description may ask for something specific such as foreign coins or mini dinosaurs. Or it may be a multi-part cache that contains a clue to the next cache's location. Contents vary from cache to cache, but here's what a typical cache contains:

  • A log. You'll find a small notebook or rolled up piece of paper where finders log their name, the date, and any comments. It may be enclosed in a plastic bag for protection from moisture. 
  • A pencil. Many caches will include a pencil, but bring your own to jot down notes just in case. You can also use your phone for notes if that's easier—whatever makes the geocaching experience more fun and easier to do.
  • Inexpensive treasures. You're probably not going to find any gold coins in a geocache. Instead, think McDonald's Happy Meal toys, plastic dinosaurs, arcade tokens, and other inexpensive trinkets like Cracker Jack prizes or inexpensive birthday party favors.
  • Found treasures. Some boxes contain treasures found near its location, like small shells, a rock, a feather, or a pinecone. These are fun to have to remind you of your geocaching adventures and where they have taken you. If you can take one of the treasures, be sure to replace it with another of the same or greater value.
  • Travel bug. Occasionally you might be lucky enough to find trackable game pieces like Groundspeak Travel Bug or Geocoin. You can take these extra special trinkets with you and place them in the next cache location you visit. They are logged and tracked online as they move from cache to cache in the real world. The Travel Bug looks like a metal tag and is typically attached to an item.

Geocoins look like elaborate coins or medallions. Each contains a special tracking number that you can follow in real-time.

A Word From Verywell

The joy of discovering the box and the surprise of the trinkets inside are the bonus to a fun day spent hiking, biking, trekking, and searching in unfamiliar places with lots to discover. Your young adults may not think it sounds fun at first, but once you get them started, chances are, they'll enjoy geocaching.

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  1. Geocaching. Official blog. 3 million geocaches: The infographic. Updated April 2017.