# Kindergarten Math Curriculum and Goals

What will your child learn about math and numbers in kindergarten? What will he or she be expected to know at the end of the kindergarten year? Different states and even different schools may have slightly different goals, but this list can provide you with an idea of what you can expect your child's kindergarten teacher to focus on.

## Numbers and Counting

• Recognize and write numbers (anywhere from 0-10 to 0-30)
• Name ordinal numbers first through tenth
• Show sequencing to 20
• Demonstrate 1 to 1 correspondence to 20 by pointing to each object as it is counted
• Count to 10 by 2’s
• Count to 100 by 1’s, 5’s, and 10’s
• Count backward from 10

## Sorting and Classifying

• Create sets and sometimes label them with the correct numeral
• Join and separate sets of objects into equal groups and/or into sets of 0-10 or 0-20 (sometimes also asked to label sets with correct numeral)
• Sort and classify objects using one or more attributes such as position, shape, size, color, the number of corners, etc.
• Identify half versus whole
• Separate whole to parts then back to whole

## Shapes and Graphs

• Recognize and draw the five basic geometric shapes (circle, square, triangle, rectangle, oval)
• Identify, copy, create and extend patterns of three objects
• Make and interpret graphs

## Measuring and Comparing

• Use nonstandard objects (pencils, blocks, and hands) to measure length, volume, and weight
• Compare quantities by estimating, weighing, and measuring
• Compare measurements and correctly use the terms shorter, longer, taller, heavier, warmer, more, less, etc.
• Demonstrate an understanding of positional relationships (above, below, more, less, top, bottom, before, after, middle, left, right)

## Time and Money

• Identify coins (penny, nickel, dime, quarter)
• Count coins
• Tell time to the nearest hour
• Recite the days of the week and months of the year in order

• Add and subtract to and from 10 using manipulatives (items that can be picked up, such as pieces of candy)
• Do simple addition and subtraction problems to 20

If your child already knows most of this material and has not started kindergarten, you have several options. You might try working with the school to get special accommodations to meet your child's needs. That could mean getting your child started in kindergarten early or skipping ahead to first grade, depending on when you discover that your child has already mastered the kindergarten math curriculum.

If your child has the material mastered at age four but won't start kindergarten until she turns five, you can try to get your child started in kindergarten early. If your child is already five and about to start kindergarten, you might try getting the school to skip him to first grade.

Before letting your child skip a grade, consider whether they have the academic and social skills necessary.