Top 10 Social Issues Teens Struggle With Today

Technology has changed or amplified the struggles young people face.

Advances in technology mean today's teens are facing issues that no previous generation has ever seen. While some issues are not exactly new, electronic media has changed or amplified some of the struggles young people face.

In fact, the average teen spends over nine hours each day using their electronic devices. Their social media habits and media consumption are changing the way young people communicate, learn, sleep, and exercise.

Here are the top 10 things today's teens struggle with:

1. Depression

According to The National Institute of Mental Health, an estimated 3.2 million adolescents in the United States had at least one major depressive episode in 2017. That means about 13 percent of teenagers may experience depression before reaching adulthood.

Depression rates grew among adolescents, especially in girls, over the previous decade when about 8 percent of teens reported being depressed. Some researchers blame technology for the rise in mental health problems. Spending too much time on electronic devices may be preventing young people from engaging in sports or peer activities that help ward off depression. 

Depressive disorders are treatable but it's important to seek professional help. if your teen seems withdrawn, experiences a change in his sleep patterns, or starts to perform badly in school, schedule an appointment with your teen's physician or contact a mental health professional.

2. Bullying

According to the Department of Health and Human Services, about 20 percent of teens in the U.S. experienced bullying in 2017.

The rise of social media use by teens has made bullying much more public and more pervasive.

Talk to your teen about bullying regularly. Discuss what she can do when she witnesses bullying and talk about options if she becomes a target.

Being proactive can prevent be key to helping your child deal with a bully. It's important to talk to your child about when and how to get help from an adult.

3. Sexual Activity

Based on the 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance data, 39.5 percent of high school students reported being sexually active. That means sexual activity had declined slightly over the past decade. 

Fortunately, the teen birth rate has declined over the past decade. Births to teens ages 15 to 19 accounted for 5.0 percent of all births in 2017. The decline in pregnancy doesn't necessarily mean teens are using protection, however.

Of the 20 million new sexually transmitted diseases each year, more than half were among young people between the ages of 15 and 24.

Parents may not believe their children are sexually active, however. Talk to your teen about sex, even if you don't think your child is engaging in sexual activity.

4. Drug Use

In 2017, about 6 percent of twelfth graders reported using marijuana daily. Marijuana use exceeds cigarette use is in teens now.

Many teens believe marijuana is less harmful now than in years past. This may be due to the changing laws surrounding marijuana.

Fortunately, other illicit drug use has held steadily at the lowest levels according to a study published by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Teen use of illicit drugs in 2017 was the lowest since the study began in 1975.

Hold regular conversations about the dangers of drugs. And don't forget to mention the dangers of prescription drugs. Many teens do not recognize the dangers of taking a friend's prescription or popping a few pills that are not prescribed to them.

Unfortunately, many teens underestimate how easy it is to develop an addiction. And they don't understand the risks associated with overdosing.

5. Alcohol Use

As of 2017, alcohol use and being drinking showed a significant decline among teenagers. Despite the decline, 33.2 percent of high school seniors still report drinking alcohol within the past month. 

It's important to hold regular conversations about the risks of underage drinking. Educate your teen about the dangers. Alcohol can take a serious toll on a teenager's developing brain. 

Express your disapproval of underage drinking. Saying you don't approve can make a big difference in whether your teen decides to drink.

6. Obesity

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 19 percent of 12- to 19-year-olds were obese in 2016. Hispanic and black children are more likely to be overweight or obese. 

Obese children are at a much greater risk of lifelong health problems, such as diabetes, arthritis, cancer, and heart disease.

Surveys show parents are bad at recognizing when their kids are overweight. They tend to underestimate their child's size and the risks associated with being overweight.

Talk to your child's pediatrician about the weight and body mass are appropriate for your teen's height and age and inquire about the steps you can take to ensure your teen is healthy.

7. Academic Problems

About six percent of high school students drop out each year in the United States, according to the National Center for Education Statistics. A high school dropout is likely to earn $200,000 less over his lifetime when compared to a high school graduate.

It's no longer just the "troubled teens" who are dropping out of school. Some teens feel so much pressure to get into a good college that they're burning themselves out before they graduate from high school.

Stay involved in your teen's education. Provide support and guidance and be ready to assist your teen if he encounters problems.

8. Peer Pressure

While peer pressure isn't a new issue, social media brings it to a whole new level. Sexting, for example, is a major cause for concern as many teens do not understand the lifelong consequences that sharing explicit photos can have on their lives. 

Give your teen skills to make healthy choices and to resist peer pressure. Talk to your teen about what to do if she makes a mistake. Sometimes, kids can make poor choices and may be too afraid to seek help. Encourage your teen to talk you when he or she makes a mistake.

9. Social Media

Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter can be great ways for teens to connect with one another. But, social media can be problematic for several reasons.

No matter what precautions you take, teens are still likely to be exposed to unsavory people, unhealthy images, and sexual content online. While there are measures being put into place to reduce the risks kids face online, it's important for parents to get involved. 

Know what your teen is doing online. Educate yourself about the latest apps, websites, and social media pages teens are using and take steps to keep your teen safe.

10. On-Screen Violence

Teenagers are going to witness some violent media at one time or another. And it's not just TV and movies that depict violence. Many of today's violent video games portray gory scenes and disturbing acts of aggression.

Over the past couple of decades, a multitude of studies linked watching violence to a lack of empathy. And studies show the number one factor in determining how kids relate to media is how their parents think and act.

According to Common Sense Media, the more violence parents watch, the more likely they are to think it's OK for their kids to view. 

Pay attention to your teen's media use. Don't allow teens to watch R-rated movies or to play M-rated video games. It's not good for them to consume that material. 

Talk to your teen about the dangers of being exposed to violent images and monitor your teen's mental state. It's also important to talk about sexual situations and racial stereotypes that your teen might see.

How to Talk to Your Teen

Bringing up any difficult subjects with your teen can feel uncomfortable. And your teen isn't likely to respond well to a lengthy lecture or too many direct questions.

A good way to strike up a conversation about drugs, sex, or other uncomfortable situations is to ask a question like, "Do you think this is a big issue at your school?" Listen to what your teen has to say.

Make your expectations and opinions clear, however. Tell your teen that you don't condone certain things and discuss the consequences for breaking your rules

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Article Sources

  1. National Institute of Mental Health. Major Depression.

  2. Pew Research Center. A Growing Number of American Teenagers - Particularly Girls - Are Facing Depression.

  3. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. What Is Bullying

  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance - United States, 2017.

  5. U.S. Health and Human Services. Trends in Teen Pregnancy and Childbearing.

  6. National Institute on Drug Abuse. Monitoring the Future Survey: High School and Youth Trends.

  7. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Marijuana and Teens.

  8. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Prevalence of Childhood Obesity in the United States.

  9. National Center for Education Statistics. Fast Facts.

  10. Anderson CA, Bushman BJ, Bartholow BD, et al. Screen Violence and Youth Behavior. Pediatrics. 2017;140(Suppl 2):S142-S147. doi:10.1542/peds.2016-1758T

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