Child Development Ages 5 to 10

Children change rapidly between the ages of five and ten.They mature physically, emotionally, cognitively, and socially, changing from napping kindergarteners to lanky pre-adolescents seemingly in the blink of an eye. Practitioners use a set of developmental milestones to measure normal child development. Here is an overview of child developmental milestones you can expect your child to reach between the ages of five and ten.


Girl with headphones using digital tablet doing homework at table
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Five-year-old children are experiencing big changes. Many are starting kindergarten, and are experiencing real schoolwork and homework for the first time. They are making new friends, learning more about the world, and learning to read. While they are maturing into childhood, they may have moments when they behave more like toddlers (especially when they are tired, hungry, or frustrated!). This is an exciting and adventurous time for five-year-olds and their parents alike.



Siblings - brother helping and supporting sister to do a headstand
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At age six, most children begin to sharpen reading and math skills in school and become used to routines that are expected of them in the classroom. They blossom socially and begin to place more emphasis on friendships. At home, they will take pride in accomplishing chores and begin to take on more responsibilities. Some six-year-olds may find the transition to first grade difficult, as it requires a significant leap in focus, rule-following, and language skills.



7 year old child development - kids doing dishes
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Few seven-year-olds need supervision for everyday routines such as brushing their teeth and getting dressed. But they are not yet independent ten-year-olds who can think ahead, plan their time, and manage responsibilities on their own. For parents, age seven is a tricky time. It is important to find a balance between giving more independence and yet still keeping a close eye on things.



Girl spinning in plastic hoop on sunny deck
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Eight-year-olds are coming into their own. They develop confidence in themselves and begin to form opinions and thoughts about things in their world. Hobbies, interests (even obsessions), and friendships will develop friends according to their growing tastes and preferences. At this stage, new concerns may emerge. Cliques, bullies, and social expectations are on the rise, and, for some children, these challenges can become problems. It's important to keep a close on your child's behavior: school refusal, anxiety, and nightmares can be signs that something is "off" in the school setting.



Family on a walk in the countryside
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Nine-year-old children make many decisions on their own or with input from parents. They are taking on more responsibilities at home with minimal supervision. And at school, they are handling challenging work in many subjects, and are expected to complete assignments independently. Standardized exams and higher intellectual expectations may shine a spotlight on your child's strengths or challenges. If your child is having a tough time with some or all of his academics, now is the right time to address the problems head on with tutoring and other forms of extra support.



boys taking selfie
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Ten-year-old children are standing on the cusp of adolescence, and are experiencing many significant changes physically, emotionally, cognitively, and otherwise. They are becoming more independent than ever before, and are increasingly spending more time with friends and doing more activities without family. At the same time, they are still in the early-childhood phase of development, and will need and want guidance and supervision from parents from time to time.