Best Sperm Donor Banks

California Cryobank is our pick for best sperm donor bank

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Sperm donor banks provide opportunities for individuals and couples to create a family when it is not biologically possible for them. Sperm banks can be especially helpful for single people and members of the LGBTQIA+ community who wish to become parents. They are also beneficial to couples struggling with infertility or a medical condition that affects fertility, such as cancer.

Prospective parents can view donor profiles online and reach out to the company for more information or buy sperm donations directly from the website. The internet has expanded accessibility to sperm donations considerably. For example, California Cryobank and Cryos International ship donations to more than 100 countries. With that and other important factors in mind, like donor screening and sperm storage options, we came up with this list of the best sperm donor banks.

Best Sperm Donor Banks of 2022

Best Overall : California Cryobank


California Cryobank logo

California Cryobank

Key Specs
  • Average cost: $1,045 to $1,245 per vial
  • Family unit limit: 20 to 30 live births worldwide
  • Insurance accepted: No
Why We Chose It

California Cryobank is a well established company with a vast catalog of donors, international shipping, extensive donor profiles, and unique features.

Pros & Cons
Pros
  • Detailed FAQs

  • Offers childhood photos of donors

  • Provides financing options

  • Internationally available

  • Offers a sibling registry

  • Easy-to-navigate website

Cons
  • Does not accept insurance

  • Prices are higher than competitors

  • Some shipping complaints

Overview

Founded in 1977, California Cryobank is one of the largest sperm banks in the world. The Los Angeles-based company focuses its patient-centered care on sperm donation, sperm and egg storage, and cord blood banking. 

A unique service of California Cryobank is its Donor Look-a-Likes program. Prospective parents can search for their desired sperm donor by choosing one or more celebrities, athletes, or other public figures that they want the donor to resemble. The desired look-a-likes must have photos published on the Internet. It’s worth noting that Fairfax Cryobank has a similar program.

Donors can choose whether or not to be anonymous at California Cryobank. Additionally, childhood photos are available for an additional fee. General sperm donor profiles are free to access and read through. Each profile features a clever name like “Skateboarding Scholar” or “People Person” along with a short narrative biography. The left-hand side of the screen immediately displays the cost-per-vial as well as how many units are available. If applicable, the donor’s Look-a-Likes are listed, too. As you scroll down, you can quickly view whether or not the donor is anonymous as well as their height, weight, eye color, hair color and texture, and skin tone. Additionally, donors’ ethnic origins, religions, and self-reported ancestries are available. Below their heritage, you can read the donor’s education level, areas of study, blood type, and whether they have opted in for further genetic testing.

When prospective parents register for a free account (Level 1), they can also access the donor’s genetic test summary, medical history, and DNA ancestry. Other information available at this level includes a personal essay from the donor along with an overall profile listing talents, hobbies, likes, and dislikes. Another unique piece of information available at this level is staff impressions. At this level, you can read comments from California Cryobank employees who worked directly with the donor.

A Level 2 account costs $145 and includes childhood and adult photos if available, as well as extended donor profiles. The extended profile includes information about three generations of the donor’s family. Furthermore, Level 2 includes the “Express Yourself” feature, which the company states “allows a donor to present himself in a manner that best captures his personality including original poetry, songs, essays, photographs, drawings, recipes, and more.”

Level 3 costs $250 and includes the features of Level 1 and Level 2 along with an illustrated example of the donor’s facial features and the Keirsey Report, a personality test, if applicable. Additionally, prospective parents can access and keep a voice recording of the donor talking about their biography and personal interests.

Best for Prospective Parents : Cryos International


Cryos International logo

Cryos International 

Key Specs
  • Average cost: $695 to $1,700 per vial
  • Family unit limit: Follows the national quota (25 in the U.S.)
  • Insurance accepted: No
Why We Chose It

Cryos International Sperm Bank prioritizes prospective parents with its reputable customer service and large donor database.

Pros & Cons
Pros
  • High customer satisfaction

  • Large donor database

  • Internationally available

  • Financing options available

  • Offers sperm and egg donations

Cons
  • Does not accept insurance

  • Shipping complaints

  • Might be too large a company for some

Overview

Headquartered in Florida, Cryos International prides itself for being “The World’s Largest Sperm and Egg Bank.” The company’s founder, Ole Schou, had a dream one night about freezing and storing sperm and started the company soon after in 1981. Since then, the company’s vision has been “to help people make their dream of having a child come true.”

Cryos International’s customers generally report high satisfaction with service and prices. Some customers report delays in shipping, but it's important to note that third-party shipping companies are responsible for these delays.

Cryos International is home to hundreds of sperm donors and ships donations to more than 100 countries worldwide. Donors can choose whether or not to be anonymous. Prospective parents can read donor profiles after creating a free account on the company’s website. From there, you can access the donor’s biography, photos (if applicable), academic history, information about their family tree, and even photos of their handwriting.

Still, the company might be too large for prospective parents who want a local donor or a donor who has the same culture as their family.

Best for LGBTQIA+ Community : Pride Angel


Pride Angel logo

Pride Angel

Key Specs
  • Average cost: $0
  • Family unit limit: None
  • Insurance accepted: No
Why We Chose It

Pride Angel was created with the LGBTQIA+ community in mind. It connects prospective parents with potential sperm donors.

Pros & Cons
Pros
  • Unique focus on LGBTQIA+ community

  • Offers free membership

  • Sperm donations are free

  • Prioritizes local donors

  • Closer relationships with donors are possible

Cons
  • Not an FDA-approved sperm bank

  • Customer reviews are mixed

  • Parents need to be aware of the legalities

Overview

Pride Angel provides an affordable option for the LGBTQIA+ community, single parents, and couples struggling with infertility to access sperm donations. Founded in 2009 by a lesbian couple, the company serves as a “connection service” for potential sperm donors and prospective parents. 

The company’s user-friendly website allows users to read profiles for sperm donors, egg donors, and potential co-parents, depending on the parenting situation they desire. Along with the search feature, the website contains a shop for fertility kits and artificial insemination kits. Donors and prospective parents can view one another’s profiles and send messages through the website. However, the company encourages donors and parents to meet in person when deciding whether to help each other.

Each profile for donors and prospective parents includes a photo, first name, age, location, short narrative bio, and other demographic information, such as height, weight, eye color, and body type. Donors can also indicate whether they already have children, whether they’ve donated before, as well as how much contact they desire with a future child.

It is important to point out that the company does not provide its own donor screening. Pride Angel encourages prospective parents to research legal matters regarding sperm donations and to use a fertility clinic once they have found their ideal donor. It is against Pride Angel’s policy for a sperm donor to charge intended parents a fee, which creates an opportunity for LGBTQIA+ parents to access artificial insemination.

Best for Genetic Testing : Seattle Sperm Bank


Key Specs
  • Average cost: $750 to $950 per vial
  • Family unit limit: 25
  • Insurance accepted: No
Why We Chose It

Seattle Sperm Bank focuses its attention on genetic testing by requiring each sperm donor to participate in an extensive screening of over 502 genes.

Pros & Cons
Pros
  • Low cost per vial

  • Financing options available

  • Easy-to-use search feature

  • Offers childhood photos of donors

  • User-friendly website

Cons
  • Does not accept insurance

  • Only available in 5 states

  • Newer than its competitors

Overview

Seattle Sperm Bank is a Washington-based company founded in 2008. The company stands out among its competitors for its extensive genetic testing and medical history review practices. The bank serves prospective parents in California, Maryland, New York, Oregon, and Washington. 

At other competitors, donors can often choose whether or not they want to participate in genetic testing. At Seattle Sperm Bank, every donor is required to be tested with an extended genetic panel, which screens carriers of genetic diseases in 502 genes. The screening also focuses on the early detection of these conditions.

Prospective parents can easily search for donors using Seattle Sperm Bank’s user-friendly search feature. You can even enter the name of a donor if you are searching for one in particular. Drop-down menus are available, too, to choose the desired ethnicity, hair and eye color, blood type, and whether or not they have an Rh factor or Jewish ancestry. Users can also adjust scales to choose their desired minimum and maximum weights and heights. A search feature unique to Seattle Sperm Bank’s high standards of genetic testing involves choosing which genetic conditions the donor tested negative for.

The general database is free to access and includes truncated donor profiles. Unlimited access to full donor profiles costs $50 for an all-access pass. Information that’s available in the extended profiles includes baby photos, an audio interview, and the Keirsey personality test of each donor. It’s worth noting that the all-access pass lasts for three months.

Best for Family History : Xytex Cryo International


Xytex Cryo International logo

Xytex Cryo International

Key Specs
  • Average cost: $525 to $1,495 per vial
  • Family unit limit: Yes, unknown amount
  • Insurance accepted: Unknown
Why We Chose It

Xytex Cryo International provides extensive family medical history information about donors in its free-to-access profile database.

Pros & Cons
Pros
  • Provides adult photos for all donors

  • Extensive family history listed

  • Range in pricing

  • Financing options available

  • Available internationally

Cons
  • Does not allow donors to be anonymous

  • Controversy regarding donor backgrounds

  • Little information available on website

Overview

Founded in 1975, Xytex Cryo International is one of the oldest sperm banks in the country. The free donor profiles the company provides include a family medical history for up to three generations. You can access medical records and other information about the donor’s immediate family and extended relatives in easy-to-read tables, without paying or registering for an account. 

Within these tables, prospective parents can read the hair color and texture, eye color, health status, skin tone, year of birth, age of death, cause of death, height, and weight of the donor’s various family members. The tables also include occupations, education levels, body build, dominant hand, and eyesight status. The family member’s title, like “Uncle” or “Grandmother,” is listed at the top of the table. Donors can even choose to include additional comments about each family member, such as “Enjoys reading” or “Loves classical music.”

The Georgia-based company had maintained a positive reputation until 2020, when it was involved in a Georgia Supreme Court case, Norman et al. v. Xytex Corporation et al. The Norman family alleged they used a donation from Xytex to conceive their son, choosing a sperm donor who purportedly held multiple degrees. They later found out that their donor never attended college and had schizoaffective disorder, a mental illness that could be hereditary. This case is one of a few controversies involving Xytex Cryo International.

Best for Donor Screening : Fairfax Cryobank


Fairfax Cryobank logo

Fairfax Cryobank

Key Specs
  • Average cost: $700 to $1,200 per vial
  • Family unit limit: 25 in the U.S. and 15 internationally
  • Insurance accepted: No
Why We Chose It

Fairfax Cryobank makes donor screening a priority with stellar donor criteria, substantial genetic and psychological testing, education reviews, and ongoing physical and infectious disease testing updates years after insemination.

Pros & Cons
Pros
  • Sibling vials available even if family unit limits are reached

  • Available internationally

  • Financing options available

  • Offers genetic services and gender affirming hormone therapy

  • Provides free childhood photos of donors

Cons
  • Does not accept insurance

  • Website is crowded

  • Poor customer reviews

Overview

Fairfax Cryobank was founded in 1986 by Joseph D. Schulman, MD, in an effort to bring “human touch” to the process of sperm donations. The Virginia-based company’s mission is to provide customers with empathetic and knowledgeable customer service and care. In 2002, the company acquired the first commercial sperm bank in the U.S., Cryogenic Laboratories, Inc. In 2016, the LGBTQ+-founded Pacific Reproductive Services joined as a partner company. Today, Fairfax Cryobank has grown to provide sperm donations to all 50 states as well as internationally. In addition to sperm donation and storage, Fairfax Cryobank offers genetic services, at-home insemination, and gender-affirming hormone therapy. 

Fairfax Cryobank states that its criteria for sperm donors “far exceed[s] that required by the FDA.” The company offers chromosome testing on every donor, genetic screening tests, extensive health screening, educational transcript reviews, psychological evaluations, and ongoing physical and infectious disease testing while donors are available. Sperm donation recipients can access sperm donor medical updates if additional information becomes available on their donor.

While the company lists its family unit limits as 25 within the U.S. and 15 internationally, it allows same-donor siblings to be born to families even if the limit has been reached.

Another unique feature of Fairfax Cryobank is the Fairfax FaceMatch. The technology involves the ability to choose a sperm donor based on who they look alike. Prospective parents can submit photos of their family, friends, or celebrities in order to receive a list of matches. This program is more advanced than California Cryobank’s Donor Look-a-Likes because users can submit their own photos instead of relying solely on publicly available pictures.

That being said, in comparison to its competitors, the sperm bank’s website is crowded with left-hand sidebars and a footer that is hard to read. Fairfax Cryobank also has some poor customer reviews regarding its consent form for the at-home insemination process and for its overall customer service.

Final Verdict

Overall, California Cryobank stands out over competitors for its reputable customer service, user-friendly website, and detailed donor profiles. Still, it's important to consider your needs and the company’s affordability when deciding on a sperm bank. If you prioritize genetic testing, Seattle Sperm Bank might be a better option for you, and if you want access to a diverse donor database, then it’s worth checking out Cryos International.

Compare the Best Sperm Donor Banks 

 Company Average Cost Per Vial FDA Approved Insurance Accepted  Family Unit Limits
California Cryobank Best Overall $1,045 to $1,245 Yes No Yes
Cryos International Best for Prospective Parents  $695 to $1,700 Yes No  Yes
Pride Angel Best for LGBTQIA+ Community $0 No No  No
Seattle Sperm Bank Best for Genetic Testing $750 to $950 Yes No Yes 
Xytex Cryo International Best for Family History $525 to $1,495 Yes Unknown Yes
Fairfax Cryobank Best for Donor Screening $700 to $1,200 Yes No Yes

Guide to Choosing a Sperm Donor Bank 

What Is a Sperm Bank?

A sperm bank is a company that collects, freezes, and stores human sperm for donations to be used for artificial insemination. Sperm banks offer individuals and couples the opportunity to create a family they otherwise could not due to sexual orientation, relationship status, infertility, or other medical conditions. These companies are professional, science-based laboratories devoted to frozen sperm. 

“Sperm can be frozen indefinitely. Current research has not shown any negative long-term effects from using sperm that has been previously frozen,” says Jenna Turocy, MD, an OB/GYN at the Columbia University Fertility Center in New York.

How Do I Choose the Right Sperm Bank for Me?

When choosing a sperm donor bank, it's important to consider the cost per vial, location, and success rates of the company. Some sperm banks charge additional fees for storing or shipping sperm. If you are a prospective sperm donor, you will want to consider how much each company pays per donation. Quick Google searches can provide insight into the company’s reputation, too.

“Prospective parents should choose a reputable commercial sperm bank that is licensed by the state and FDA,”  adds Dr. Turocy. “You can ask your fertility doctor which sperm banks they recommend. Although all sperm banks are selective, each has its own requirements for donors. When choosing a sperm bank, think about the characteristics you want in a donor. Do you want a certain height, ethnicity, or education level? You can tailor your sperm bank selection to the type of donor you're looking for.” 

Frequently Asked Questions

Do Sperm Donors Know When Their Sperm Is Used?

Depending on the clinic, sperm donors are able to choose whether or not they are told when their sperm is used. “The level of a sperm donor’s anonymity is also dependent on the chosen sperm bank; some donors opt to be anonymous or to have no contact with the recipient(s) of the sperm or the potential child or children,” Dr. Turocy says. “Other donors, who are open or quasi-open, may allow for contact after the child or children are aged eighteen. It is important to note that with evolving DNA technology, anonymity is not guaranteed; third-party testing platforms such as Ancestry.com or 23andMe may allow parties to connect outside of the cryobank.”

What Can Disqualify You From Being a Sperm Donor?

It is estimated that only 5% of applicants are eligible to donate sperm. One sperm donor bank states that you may be disqualified as a prospective sperm donor if you:

  • Have a sexually transmitted disease, such as chlamydia or HIV
  • Have a genetic condition or other medical conditions, such as cystic fibrosis or sickle cell anemia
  • Have low to no sperm count
  • Have used intravenous drugs
  • Do not have access to both of your biological parents’ medical histories

Qualifications and age requirements vary across each sperm bank. For instance, the Sperm Bank of California requires donors to have or be currently pursuing a college degree, while Seattle Sperm Bank requires donors to have access to four generations of family medical history.

What Information Can You See About Sperm Donors?

The information available about sperm donors depends on the company’s requirements as well as the consent of the donor. The general information that is accessible may include the donor’s demographics, eye and hair color, weight and height, as well as ethnicity. Some companies provide detailed medical records, genetic testing, family medical history, psychological testing, as well as adult or childhood photos of the donor.

Do Sperm Donors Have Parental Rights?

No, if artificial insemination is performed by a physician, sperm donors do not have parental rights. Courts are hesitant to deny parental rights if the insemination takes place outside of the supervision of a licensed physician.

Methodology

To create our roundup, we evaluated data from 31 companies that offer fertility services, such as egg donation, surrogacy, sperm donation, and artificial insemination. We assessed each company's affordability, size, and availability. We also looked at patterns in customer reviews to assess client satisfaction. Other considerations included each company’s donor criteria, donor profiles, and additional offerings for prospective parents.

In addition to evaluating each company, we interviewed two past sperm donors, six parents who used sperm donations, and two leading fertility experts. We also reached out for direct comments from six sperm bank companies but did not receive responses.

Article Sources
Verywell Family uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
  1. Supreme Court of Georgia. Norman et al. v. Xytex Corporation et al.

  2. Luetkemeyer L, West K. Paternity law: sperm donors, surrogate mothers and child custody. Mo Med. 2015;112(3):162-165.

Edited by
Ally Hirschlag
Allison "Ally" Hirschlag

Ally is an expert in health, science, sustainability, wellness, mental health, and parenting. She has written for publications including The Washington Post, The Guardian, BBC Future, and more.

Learn about our editorial process