50 Swedish Baby Names

Learn the meanings and origins of popular Swedish baby names

Baby with blue eyes in sweater.

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The land of lush, green forests, breathtaking views of the northern lights, lingonberries, Swedish meatballs, the pop group ABBA—Sweden has a long and fascinating history.

Because of mass migration more than 100 years ago, around 11 million Americans claim Scandinavian ancestry today. That's approximately 3.3% of the population of the USA.

If you’re looking for a unique and darling moniker, you may want to consider giving your child a Swedish name.

Got a baby on the way? Consider these 50 Swedish baby names.

Popular Swedish Names For Girls

Check out some of the most popular Swedish girl baby names to see if they are right for your child.

Agnes

  • Origin: Greek 
  • Meaning: Pure
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Agnija, Agatha, Aggie
  • Famous Namesakes: Agnes was the name of a popular Christian saint, Agnes of Rome.
  • Peak Popularity: Agnes was the third most popular name for women in the English-speaking world for more than 400 years.

Alice

  • Origin: Latin
  • Meaning: Noble
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Aalis, Allie
  • Famous Namesakes: Alice Walker, the American writer who wrote the 1982 novel, The Color Purple.
  • Peak Popularity: Alice peaked in 1880, with over 572,850 girls given the name in the past 200 years. Alice gained the most popularity as a baby name in 1906 when its usage went up by 114.9%.

Fun Fact: Alice is a darling of literature, from the immortal heroine in Alice in Wonderland.

Alma

  • Origin: German
  • Meaning: Nurturing, soul
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: n/a
  • Famous Namesakes: Both adored and reviled, Alma Mahler was a Viennese-born composer of nearly fifty songs for voice and piano. She was also known as an author and socialite.
  • Peak Popularity: Alma seemed to always be stuck in the top 1,000 but after sinking to its lowest point ever in 2011, Alma is making a comeback.

Fun Fact: Actress Marielle Heller played Alma Wheatley in the breakout Netflix series, Queen's Gambit. It scored 62 million viewers, since its debut on October 23, 2020. The show placed in the top 10 in 92 countries and ranked No. 1 in 63 countries, including the UK, Argentina, Israel, and South Africa.

Astrid

  • Origin: Scandinavian
  • Meaning: Divinely beautiful
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Ástríðr, Astride
  • Famous Namesakes: Astrid Lindgren, the Swedish author of the pigtailed Pippi Longstocking stories.
  • Peak Popularity: While Astrid never really peaked in our culture, the renewed interest in international names could give it a boost.

Elsa

  • Origin: German
  • Meaning: Pledged to God
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Elisabeth, Elsie
  • Famous Namesakes: Elsa Teresia Andersson, born April 1897 in Strövelstorp, Sweden, was Sweden's first female aviator and stunt parachutist.
  • Peak Popularity: Elsa currently has world-wide credibility, ranking in the top 100 in countries as diverse as Sweden, Spain, and France.

Fun Fact: Elsa became wildly popular, thanks to the ice queen heroine in the popular Disney movie Frozen (2013). The name jumped up to number 286 (its highest ranking since the 1890s) after the release of the animated movie.

Elvira

  • Origin: Spanish
  • Meaning: White, fair
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: n/a
  • Famous Namesakes: The film Elvira: Mistress of Dark comes to mind. So does, Elvira Possekel, the German Olympic runner.
  • Peak Popularity: Elvira was in demand in the U.S. in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and remained in the top 1,000 until 1981. It ranks number 39 in Sweden.

Emma

  • Origin: German
  • Meaning: Universal
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Emily, Emmie, Ema
  • Famous Namesakes: Take your pick of actresses: Emma Stone, Emma Roberts, Emma Watson, Emma Thompson. And, who could forget Jane Austen's, legendary Emma Woodhouse?
  • Peak Popularity: Emma currently ranks No. 2 for baby girl names in the U.S. In fact, Emma has been one of the top girls' names in the U.S. for several years now.

Freja

  • Origin: Swedish, Danish
  • Meaning: Lady
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Freyja
  • Famous Namesakes: Freya is the ancient Norse goddess of love, beauty, and fertility.
  • Peak Popularity: While not incredibly popular in the U.S., Freja ranks in the top 5 in Denmark and the top 10 in Sweden.

Greta

  • Origin: German
  • Meaning: Pearl
  • Famous Namesakes: Dr. Greta Guttman was a character on Mad Men and Greta Gerwig, of Lady Bird fame, is an actress and director. 
  • Peak Popularity: The name peaked in 1932, thanks to Greta Garbo's soaring performance in Grand Hotel. In 1933, she was nominated for an Oscar for her role in Anna Christie.

Fun Fact: Greta Thunberg is a Swedish environmental activist who is internationally known for challenging world leaders to take immediate action against climate change.

Klara

  • Origin: Latin, German
  • Meaning: Brilliant
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Clara, Claire
  • Famous Namesakes: Klára Koukalová is a retired Czech tennis player. She beat Serena Williams in the 2009 Andalucia Tennis Experience in Marbella, Spain.
  • Peak Popularity: The name Klara has not had significant popularity in the U.S., but spelled with a “C” it is more widespread. In 2019 it was the 95th most popular girls' name.

Leah

  • Origin: Hebrew
  • Meaning: Weary
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Lia, Leigha
  • Famous Namesakes: In the Old Testament, Leah was the first wife of Jacob and the mother of seven children. She is considered one of the most important biblical matriarchs. 
  • Peak Popularity: Leah has been near the top of the chart in the 21st century and is now among the most popular girls' names starting with L.

Fun Fact: Leah Clearwater of Stephenie Meyer's Twilight fame is the Beta of the Black pack and the only known female shape-shifter in Quileute history!

Lilly

  • Origin: English
  • Meaning: The English flower name, Lily, pure, passion, rebirth
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Lillian, Lilion, Lily, Lillie
  • Famous Namesakes: Lilly Pulitzer, American socialite and fashion designer and Emily in Paris actress, Lily Collins
  • Peak Popularity: Lilly has been used in the United States ever since 1880, with over 62,244 girls bestowed the name in the past 200 years. Lilly gained the most popularity as a baby name in 2004 when its usage went up by 135.09%.

Linnea

  • Origin: Swedish
  • Meaning: Lime tree, twinflower
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Linnean, Linnaeus
  • Famous Namesakes: Derives from the renowned 18th-century Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus, who developed the Linnean system of classifying plants and animals. 
  • Peak Popularity: The name Linnea appeared in the U.S. top 1,000 in 1903, reaching as high as No. 744 in 1945. It's popular in Sweden and Norway, ranking in the top 8.

Lova

  • Origin: English
  • Meaning: Renowned Warrior
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Louise
  • Famous Namesakes: Lova Elly Linnea Lundin is a Swedish footballer who plays as a forward for Spanish Primera División club EdF Logroño.
  • Peak Popularity: Virtually unknown in the U.S., Lova was ranked the 37th most popular girls' name in Sweden in 2020.

Maja

  • Origin: Arabic, German, Scandinavian
  • Meaning: Splendid
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Meja
  • Famous Namesakes: Maja Einstein was Albert Einstein's younger sister. Also, Maja is often associated with Francisco de Goya's famous paintings "The Clothed Maja" and “The Naked Maja.”
  • Peak Popularity: It’s ranked as a top 10 girls' name in Slovenia and Sweden.

Mila

  • Origin: Slavic, Russian
  • Meaning: Gracious
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Ludmila, Milena, and Milica
  • Famous Namesakes: Ukrainian-born and Bad Moms actress, Mila Kunis.
  • Peak Popularity: Mila was ranked in the top 20 girl baby names in 2019.

Molly

  • Origin: Hebrew
  • Meaning: Bitter
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Molli, Mollie, Mary
  • Famous Namesakes: Iconic 80's actress, Molly Ringwald, who starred in 16 Candles and Pretty in Pink.
  • Peak Popularity: Molly took off in the 1980s, landing on America’s top 100 list for the first time ever in 1987. Mollie with an “-ie” was the preferred spelling more than 100 years ago at the turn of the 20th century. 

Nellie

  • Origin: Latin
  • Meaning: Sun Ray
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Nelly, Nelli, Cornelia
  • Famous Namesakes: Nellie Melba was an Australian operatic soprano. She became one of the most famous singers of the late Victorian era and the early 20th century. Melba was the first Australian to achieve international recognition as a classical musician
  • Peak Popularity: In the U.S., Nellie is one of the most popular unique girl names, coming in just beneath the Top 1000, ranking 868.

Nova

  • Origin: Latin
  • Meaning: New
  • Famous Namesakes: Nova Pilbeam, the star of one of Hitchcock's early British films, had family ties to Nova Scotia.
  • Peak Popularity: Nova was popular at the turn of the last century and into the early 1930s. The energetic name is currently making a comeback and is ranked in the top 100 girl baby names in the U.S.

Olivia

  • Origin: Latin
  • Meaning: Olive Tree
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Alivia
  • Famous Namesakes: Olivia Newton-John is a British-Australian singer, songwriter, actress, entrepreneur, and activist, best known for her iconic role in Grease alongside John Travolta.
  • Peak Popularity: Olivia is one of the top US baby names as well as one of the top girl names in English-speaking and European countries around the world. In fact, records of the name exist from as far back as 13th century England. The name was popularized after Shakespeare used it for the name of the countess in Twelfth Night. 

Tilda

  • Origin:  German
  • Meaning: Battle mighty
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Matilda
  • Famous Namesakes: Actress, Tilda Swinton.
  • Peak Popularity: Not particularly popular, there are a recorded 1,937 girls in the U.S. with the name Tilda.

Tuva

  • Origin: Swedish
  • Meaning: Beautiful
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Tove
  • Famous Namesakes: Tove Edfeldt is a Swedish actress. 
  • Peak Popularity: In 2020 Tuva ranked 62 in Sweden and 34 in Norway.

Tyra

  • Origin: Scandanavian
  • Meaning: Beautiful
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Ty
  • Famous Namesakes: High-profile supermodel/entrepreneur Tyra Banks has put this name in the spotlight.
  • Peak Popularity: In 2020 Tyra ranked 53 in Sweden.

Vera

  • Origin: Russian
  • Meaning: Faith
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Viera
  • Famous Namesakes: Fashion designer, Vera Wang.
  • Peak Popularity: Vera was barely known in the English-speaking world until it appeared in the 1860 novel by Ouida, Moths; and Vera Rostov is a character in War and Peace.

Wilma

  • Origin: German, Scottish, Swedish
  • Meaning: Resolute protection
  • Alternate Spellings & Variations: Wilhelmina
  • Famous Namesakes: Wilma Burgess was an American country music singer. She rose to fame in the mid-1960s and charted fifteen singles on the Billboard C&W charts between 1965 and 1975.
  • Peak Popularity: Wilma had a moment in the U.S. from 1912 to 1940, coming in as a top 100 girls' name. It's still a top 10 in Sweden.

Fun Fact: The Flintstones premiered on September 30, 1960. The cartoon character Wilma was Fred's wife and Pebble's mom. Yabba-Dabba-Do!

Popular Swedish Names For Boys

Here are some of the most popular Swedish baby names for boys, along with their origins, meanings, and popularity.

Adrian

  • Origin: Latin
  • Meaning: Man of Adria
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Adrien, Adrienne, Adrianne, Adriano
  • Famous Namesakes: Adrian Pucey is a Harry Potter character and actor/activist Adrian Grenier, starred in the Entourage series and movie. 
  • Peak Popularity: Adrian is soaking up international popularity, ranking highly in Spain, Norway, and Sweden. Plus, it's in the top 100 in the U.S.

Alfred

  • Origin: English
  • Meaning: Wise Counselor
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Alf, Alfie, Fred
  • Famous Namesakes: Alfred the Great, King of Wessex (called "England's darling") was a wise, compassionate, and scholarly king of old England in the tenth century. Alfred Hitchcock is the English Film Director, and Screenwriter
  • Peak Popularity: The height of Alfred's popularity was from the late eighteenth to the early twentieth century—it was in the top 50 in the U.S. until 1933. 

Aron

  • Origin: Hebrew
  • Meaning: High mountain, exalted, enlightened
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Aaron
  • Famous Namesakes: Aaron was Elvis's middle name. Aron Nimzowitsch was a chess Grandmaster and is best known for his 1925 book, My System, which features his approach to chess.
  • Peak Popularity: Aron is No. 1 in Iceland and ranks 763 in the U.S.

August

  • Origin: German
  • Meaning: Great, magnificent
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Auguste
  • Famous Namesakes: August is the hot celebrity baby name, chosen by both Princess Eugenie and Mandy Moore for their baby boys in early 2021. Plus, there is Swedish playwright August Strindberg.
  • Peak Popularity: August is currently having a moment and is 167 in the U.S.

Casper

  • Origin: Scandinavian, Persian
  • Meaning: Bringer of treasure
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Caspar, Cas
  • Famous Namesakes: Former Secretary of Defense Casper Weinberger (called Cap). Casper was one of the Three Magi who brought gifts to the infant Jesus along with Melchior and Balthasar.
  • Peak Popularity: This ancient name, also spelled Caspar, is moving into the 21st century. Popular in the Netherlands and Scandinavia, where it's sometimes shortened to Cas. It ranks No. 64 in Sweden.

Fun Fact: Casper the Friendly Ghost is the protagonist of the Famous Studios theatrical animated cartoon series of the same name. He is a pleasant, personable and translucent ghost. The character was featured in 55 theatrical cartoons made between 1945 and 1959

Colin

  • Origin: Scottish, Greek, Irish
  • Meaning: Pup
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Collin
  • Famous Namesakes: Irish actor, Colin Farrell, and Colin Jost, an American comedian, actor, and writer. He has been a writer for Saturday Night Live since 2005 and Weekend Update co-anchor since 2014.
  • Peak Popularity: Colin and its cousin, Collin peaked in 2004, ranking 84.

Edvin

  • Origin: English
  • Meaning: Wealthy Friend
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Edwin
  • Famous Namesakes: Edvin Leonard Hugo Endre is a Swedish actor, best known for his role as 'Mister' in the 2013 Swedish comedy film Studentfesten.
  • Peak Popularity: In 2020, Edvin ranked at No. 45 in Sweden.

Elliot

  • Origin: Greek
  • Meaning: Jehovah is God
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Elijah or Elias
  • Famous Namesakes: Actor Elliot Page starred in Juno (2007) and Inception (2010). Elliott Cook Carter Jr. was an American modernist composer—one of the most respected composers of the second half of the 20th century.
  • Peak Popularity: Elliot had a style boost back in the early 1980s via the young hero of the movie E.T., who was named Elliot. It currently ranks No. 173 in the U.S.

Gabriel

  • Origin: Hebrew
  • Meaning: God is my strength, strong
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Gavri’el,
  • Famous Namesakes: Gabriel Imuetinyan Agbonlahor is an English former professional footballer. Gabriel is the patron saint of broadcasters and diplomats, and he governs Mondays and the month of January, making Gabriel one of the top January baby names.
  • Peak Popularity: The name has become a biblical favorite, and has been a highly charting choice in the 21st century. Gabriel ranks in the top 50 boy names in the U.S., coming in at No. 37.

Gustav

  • Origin: Scandinavian 
  • Meaning: Royal staff, staff of gods
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Gustave, Gus
  • Famous Namesakes: Gustav Mahler was an Austro-Bohemian Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation. As a composer, he acted as a bridge between the 19th-century Austro-German tradition and the modernism of the early 20th century.
  • Peak Popularity: The greatest number of people were given this name in 1917—when 100 people in the U.S. were named Gustav. Records indicate that 2,183 boys in the United States have been named Gustav since 1880.

Fun Fact: Gustav the Giant is the main antagonist of the 1938 Mickey Mouse Animated Short, Brave Little Tailor.

Hjalmer

  • Origin: Norse, Scandinavian
  • Meaning: Army helmet
  • Famous Namesakes: Hjalmar and Ingeborg were a legendary Swedish couple and Hjálmar is an Icelandic reggae band.
  • Peak Popularity: This name has never ranked among the top 1,000 in the U.S., but we think it's pretty unique!

Harry

  • Origin: German
  • Meaning: Estate Ruler
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Henry
  • Famous Namesakes: Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex, grandson of Queen Elizabeth, son of Prince Charles, and the late Princess Diana. Harry Potter and Harry Styles (Watermelon Sugar) come to mind, too.
  • Peak Popularity: Harry was a top 20 name in the U.S. from 1880 to 1918, and continued in the top 100 into the 1950s (hence the song "I'm Just Wild About Harry"). It ranks in the top 1000 in the U.S., coming in at No. 647.

Hugo

  • Origin: German, Spanish, Portuguese
  • Meaning: Mind, intellect
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Hugh
  • Famous Namesakes: Hugo Chavez, the late president of Venezuela, and the fashion world's Hugo Boss.
  • Peak Popularity: Hugo is currently enjoying mass popularity in several European countries, including Spain, France, and Sweden, and it has long been stylish in the U.K. In 2018, it reached number 1 in Spain. It ranks No. 460 in Spain. It ranks at No. 460 in the U.S.

Fun Fact: In the seventh Harry Potter novel, Ron and Hermione bestow the name Hugo on their son.

Isak

  • Origin: Hebrew
  • Meaning: Laughter
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations:  Isaac
  • Famous Namesakes: Isak Martinsson is a game designer and composer in Sweden.
  • Peak Popularity: Isak is No. 19 in Sweden and No. 17 in Norway.

Jack

  • Origin: English
  • Meaning: God is gracious
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: John, Johnkin to Jankin to Jackin
  • Famous Namesakes: Jack Nicholson is an American actor and filmmaker whose career has spanned more than 60 years.
  • Peak Popularity: Jack was, until 2011, the number 1 boy name in England and is widely used in America as well, having returned to the top 100 in 1996 and ranking as one of the most popular boy names starting with J. Jack ranks 19 in the U.S.

Fun Fact: Jack is familiar to all from earliest childhood via Jack and Jill went up the hill...to Jack and the Beanstalk. Not to mention Leonardo DiCaprio's Jack and Kate Winslet's Rose of Titanic (1997) fame.

Josef

  • Origin: German, Scandinavian and Czech
  • Meaning: Jehovah increases
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Joseph
  • Famous Namesakes: Josef Imbach was a Swiss sprinter who competed in the Olympic Games in 1920 and 1924. In 1924 he set an unofficial world record for men's 400 meters in the Olympic quarterfinals but tripped and fell in the final.
  • Peak Popularity: In 2020 Josef ranked No. 36 in Sweden.

Levi

  • Origin: Hebrew
  • Meaning: Joined, attached
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations:  Derives from the Hebrew word yillaweh
  • Famous Namesakes: Levi Strauss was an American businessman, who founded the first company to manufacture blue jeans. His firm of Levi Strauss & Co. began in 1853 in San Francisco, California.
  • Peak Popularity: Levi has been shooting up the charts in recent years—especially after receiving a lot of attention as the sons of Matthew McConaughey, Sheryl Crow, and Sara Gilbert. It is currently ranked No. 25 in the U.S.

Louie

  • Origin: German and French
  • Meaning: Renowned Warrior
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Lewie
  • Famous Namesakes: Prince Philip's uncle and Prince Charles's mentor, the late Lord Louis Mountbatten. In fact, Prince William and Princess Kate's son, Prince Louis is pronounced Lew-ee.
  • Peak Popularity:  It reentered the U.S. top 1,000 in 2015. It's a highly popular choice in England and Wales. 

Max

  • Origin: English and German
  • Meaning: Greatest
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Maxx, Maximilian, Maxwell
  • Famous Namesakes: Maximillian Adolph Otto Siegfried Schmeling was a German boxer who was heavyweight champion of the world between 1930 and 1932.
  • Peak Popularity: Max is now close to the highest it's been on the Social Security list since 1917, ranking 137 in the U.S. Max is a widely used name internationally.

Fun Fact: The character named Max in the children's classic, Where the Wild Things Are, had an impact on parents.

Melker

  • Origin:  Scandinavian, Swedish
  • Meaning: City of the king; "king of light"
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Melchior, Mel
  • Famous Namesakes: Melker is a modern phonetic spelling of ancient Three Wise Men name Melchior
  • Peak Popularity: Melker is in the Swedish top 100 though not used in the U.S., where it would be heard as "Milker."

Noah

  • Origin: Hebrew
  • Meaning: Rest
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: Noach
  • Famous Namesakes: Actor Rupert Graves and singer Michael Buble both have sons named Noah.
  • Peak Popularity: Noah surprised the baby name world in 2013 to become the new number one name among baby boy names and it maintained its top ranking for three years before dropping to No. 2 in 2017.

Fun Fact: Noah's Ark, the vessel in the Genesis flood narrative through which God spares Noah, his family, and examples of all the world's animals from a world-engulfing flood.

Noel

  • Origin: French
  • Meaning: Christmas
  • Famous Namesakes: Sir Noël Peirce Coward was an English playwright, composer, director, actor, and singer,
  • Peak Popularity: Noel ranks No. 395 in the U.S.

Otis

  • Origin: German
  • Meaning: Wealthy
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations: n/a
  • Famous Namesakes: Otis Ray Redding Jr. was an American singer and songwriter. He is considered one of the greatest singers in the history of American popular music and a seminal artist in soul music and rhythm and blues. 
  • Peak Popularity: Otis was off the charts for two decades from 1995 to 2014, and now sounds like a fresh choice. Otis returned to the top 1,000 in 2015, perhaps in part to Olivia Wilde and Jason Sudeikis naming their son, Otis.

Theodor

  • Origin: Greek
  • Meaning: Gift of God
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations:  Theodore
  • Famous Namesakes: Theodore Roosevelt Jr., often referred to as Teddy Roosevelt or his initials T. R., was an American statesman, conservationist, naturalist, historian, and writer, who served as the 26th president of the United States from 1901 to 1909.
  • Peak Popularity: "Theo" stands at No. 243 on the official United States list of popular names, given to more than 1,500 baby boys in 2018

Vide

  • Origin: Swedish
  • Meaning: Willow
  • Alternative Spellings & Variations:  Víðir
  • Peak Popularity: It is ranked No. 88 in Sweden.
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