Week 14 of Your Pregnancy

A look at your body, your baby, and more

Pregnancy Week 14

Welcome to the second trimester of your pregnancy. Most women consider this in-the-middle trimester to be the easiest now that nausea and fatigue are waning. In addition, even though your baby is steadily growing, he or she still isn’t big enough to make you feel weighed down, meaning exercise and staying active can still very much be in play unless otherwise directed by your doctor.

 

Your Trimester: Second trimester

Weeks to Go: 26

You This Week

Fatigue tends to fade away thanks, in part, to your placenta. Up until this point, your body has been working especially hard to create this ever-important organ. But now that it’s almost fully formed, your body can finally take a break, resulting in a new boon in energy.

The tenderness you may have been experiencing in your breasts will likely ease around now, as well. While many or all of your unpleasant first trimester symptoms are starting to fade, there may be something new cropping up: Changes to an existing mole or the formation of brand-new ones. While pregnancy can do funny things to moles—making them bigger and darker—it’s always a smart idea to have new and changing moles looked at by your healthcare provider.

The best part of week 14? Your risk of miscarriage drops significantly right now.

Your Baby This Week

Your baby is getting bigger and bigger, clocking over 4 inches in length and weighing a little less than 2 ounces. His or her brain is working overtime, helping facial muscles learn the ropes.

If you could peek inside your womb, you’d see a tiny baby practicing how to frown, squint, make a pucker, and even breath by taking amniotic fluid in and out of his or her lungs. You’d also witness a lot of movement, whether your baby is wiggling around in amniotic fluid or stretching his or her arms, which will soon be in the proper proportion to the rest of the body.

What you likely won’t be able to see yet? Indications of your baby’s sex. Even though his or her genitals have fully developed by now, it’s likely still too difficult to spot them on an ultrasound; most people won’t be able to learn their baby’s sex this way until around week 18 to week 20.

At the same time, baby’s liver and spleen have begun to take on their responsibilities of producing bile and red blood cells, respectively. Baby’s thyroid gland has matured enough to starts churning out hormones, and the intestines are already working on the first bowel movement, called baby meconium.

At Your Doctor’s Office

If you’ve recently learned that you’re considered a high-risk pregnancy, your healthcare provider might refer you to a perinatologist, an obstetrician who specializes in the care of the fetus and complicated pregnancies. (A perinatologist is also known as a maternal-fetal medicine specialist.) Often, a perinatologist won’t act as your primary healthcare provider but will work in conjunction with your OB-GYN or midwife.

Upcoming Doctor’s Visits

If you’ll be 35 or older when your baby is born; have a family history of genetic disorders (on either your or your partner’s side); had a screening that indicated a possible issue; or if you’ve previously had a baby with birth defects, you’re likely looking at the possibility of an amniocentesis done between week 15 and week 18.

With this test, a thin needle is inserted into the amniotic fluid so a sample can be analyzed for abnormalities, such neural tube defects and chromosomal conditions. Because amniocentesis carries a small risk (about 1 in every 200 to 400 may experience complications, including miscarriage), take time to make the best decision for you and your family. Though it may be recommended to you, it is not mandatory.

Taking Care

Between 14 and 28 weeks is considered the sweet spot for travel during pregnancy, as long as you aren’t experiencing any medical complications. It’s not that early-pregnancy travel causes harm. It’s simply that, right now, nausea and vomiting of the first trimester are likely over and your energy is on the upswing, making travel more enjoyable.

Later-in-pregnancy travel isn’t inherently dangerous, either. It’s just that it can be more difficult comfort-wise, logistics-wise, and rule-wise. Not only will you want to be near your healthcare provider as you inch closer to delivery, many airlines begin restricting your air travel at 36 weeks pregnant or sooner. You’ll need to check before booking. Regardless of when you travel, you should take a couple of precautions.

Long-periods of sitting, whether in a car, train, or airplane can increase your chance of blood clots. “And being pregnant ups your clot risk even higher,” says Allison Hill, M.D., an OB/GYN, author of Your Pregnancy, Your Way and co-author of The Mommy Docs’ Ultimate Guide to Pregnancy and Birth. To help prevent clots, wear compression stockings to improve the blood flow in your legs while flying. And, no matter what mode of transportation you’re taking, travel time should not exceed six hours a day;  get up and move at least every two hours.

For those who frequently fly, know that body scanners are not dangerous to your baby. “The amount of radiation exposure during one scan is equivalent to 0.01 chest X-rays,” says Dr. Hill. That said, if being scanned makes you uncomfortable, you can request to be manually checked by a security agent.

For Partners

First-time parents can greatly benefit from taking a birthing class either at the hospital, a birth center, or a private facility. There are a lot of options to choose from, and sometimes a lot of fellow parents-to-be vying for spots. As such, it’s a good idea to register for a class when you're about 20 weeks along. This is a great time for you to do some initial research and take a to-do off your partner’s list.

Verywell Checklist

  • Continue taking prenatal vitamins.
  • Continue drinking about eight to 12 glasses of water a day.
  • Get compression stockings if air travel is in your future.
  • Talk to your partner about finding a birthing class.

Last Week: Week 13
Coming Up: Week 15

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